جريدة عالم السياحة والاقتصاد، تهتم بصناعة السياحة باطيافها ، الشؤون الاقتصادية والبيئة والسياحة الدينية والمغامرة والسفر والطيران والضيافة

اكتشاف اثار جديدة في البتراء عمرها 2150 عام- discover massive Petra monument that could be 2,150 years old

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عالم السياحة – تمكن علماء جيولوجيا من اكتشاف موقع أثري جديد في مدينة البتراء الأردنية،  ويشمل الاكتشاف مبدئيا عن منصة احتفالية ضخمة بالقرب من مركز المدينة، يرج العلماء  أن يكون عمرها 2150 عام، وفق ما حسب  صحيفة “الغارديان” البريطانية.

وقام العالمان سارة باركر، من ناشيونال جيوغرافيك، وكريستوفر تاتل، المدير التنفيذي لمجلس البحوث الأميركية في الخارج، بتحليل صور للموقع التقطتها طائرة بدون طيار، لتحديد مكان النصب الجديد، الواقع على بعد 800 متر جنوبي المدينة القديمة.وتظهر الصور أن الموقع المكتشف تتراوح مساحته بين 49 و56 مترا، ويضم إلى جانبه بناء تبلع مساحته 8 أمتار ونصف المتر، بالإضافة إلى مجموعة من الأعمدة المرصوصة حول أحد مدرجات المكان.

ويشير العالمان إلى أن الموقع الأثري الجديد، الذي لم يبدأ التنقيب فيه بعد، أقيم بغرض إقامة الاحتفالات، ولا يوازي حجمه أي أبنية أخرى معروفة في مدينة البتراء الأثرية، التي تعد من عجائب الدنيا السبع الجديدة.

ويعود بناء أغلبية المعالم الأثرية التي نراها حاليا في مدينة البتراء الأثرية الأردنية، إلى نهاية القرن الأول ومطلع القرن الثاني قبل الميلاد.

 

Archaeologists have found a monumental structure buried under the sands of Petra, according to a new study that drew on satellite imagery to scan the ancient city.

Satellite surveys of the city revealed a massive platform, 184ft by 161ft, with an interior platform that was paved with flagstones, lined with columns on one side and with a gigantic staircase descending to the east. A smaller structure, 28ft by 28ft, topped the interior platform and opened to the staircase. Pottery found near the structure suggests the structure could be more than 2,150 years old.

“This monumental platform has no parallels at Petra or in its hinterlands at present,” the researchers wrote, noting that the structure, strangely, is near the city center but “hidden” and hard to reach.

“To my knowledge, we don’t have anything quite like this at Petra,” said Christopher Tuttle, an archaeologist who has worked at Petra for about 15 years and a co-author of the paper.

I knew something was there and other archaeologists – who have worked in Petra for the last, God knows, 100 years at least – I know at least one other had noticed something there,” he said. But the structure’s sides resembled terrace walls common to the city, he noted: “I don’t think anybody paid much attention to them.”

Tuttle collaborated on the research with Sarah Parcak, a self-described “space archaeologist” from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, who used satellites to survey the site.

Parcak said that she begins surveys “quite skeptical” of what they might find – they are working on sites in northern Africa, North America, Europe and elsewhere – and that she was surprised to find the monument “turned out to be something significant”.

“Petra is a massive site, and we chose the name for our article [‘Hiding in plain sight’] precisely because, even though this is less than a kilometer south of the main city, previous surveys had missed it,” she said.

Tuttle and a team took subsequent trips to measure and examine the site from the ground. There they found scattered pottery, the oldest of which suggests the site could date back to the time of Petra’s founding. “We’re always very cautious on this,” Tuttle said, “but the oldest pottery can be dated back relatively securely to about 150BC.”

Petra was built by the Nabateans in what is now southern Jordan, while the civilization was amassing great wealth trading with its Greek and Persian contemporaries around 150BC. The city was eventually subsumed by the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires, but its ruins remain famous for the work of its founders, who carved spectacular facades into cliffs and canyons. It was abandoned around the seventh century, and rediscovered by Swiss explorer Johann Burckhardt in 1812.

Along with the oldest Nabatean pottery, they found fragments that had been imported from the Hellenistic cultures who traded with Petra, as well as pottery of the eras when the Roman and the Byzantine empires took the city under their guard

“Petra is a massive site, and we chose the name for our article [‘Hiding in plain sight’] precisely because, even though this is less than a kilometer south of the main city, previous surveys had missed it,” she said.

Tuttle and a team took subsequent trips to measure and examine the site from the ground. There they found scattered pottery, the oldest of which suggests the site could date back to the time of Petra’s founding. “We’re always very cautious on this,” Tuttle said, “but the oldest pottery can be dated back relatively securely to about 150BC.”

Petra was built by the Nabateans in what is now southern Jordan, while the civilization was amassing great wealth trading with its Greek and Persian contemporaries around 150BC. The city was eventually subsumed by the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires, but its ruins remain famous for the work of its founders, who carved spectacular facades into cliffs and canyons. It was abandoned around the seventh century, and rediscovered by Swiss explorer Johann Burckhardt in 1812.

Along with the oldest Nabatean pottery, they found fragments that had been imported from the Hellenistic cultures who traded with Petra, as well as pottery of the eras when the Roman and the Byzantine empires took the city under their guard